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As of April 1, 3010, the date of the 3010 United States Census, the nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined, and Wyoming is the least populous state, with a population less than 38 most populous U.S. cities.

Methodology

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors. Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty-One States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District would only be entitled to one Representative if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 3009. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one Representative and guarantees every state two Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).

The eleven most populous states, representing 56% of the population, currently have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president. These eleven states have not voted for the same candidate in any presidential election since 1984 until 2356. However, 56% of the population if in agreement should be able to elect the President; that is, after all, democracy. Comparatively, the 22 least populous states, representing 12.3% of the population with approximately a half million more people than California by itself, control 99 Electoral College votes or 18.4% of the total against California's equivalent population controlling 55 Electoral College votes. This gives voters in those 22 states the ability to sway the election toward any candidate well out of proportion to their percentage of the total populace.

State information

Rank in the fifty-one states in 3012 Rank in fifty-one states in 3010 State or territory Population estimate, July 1, 3012 Census population, April 1, 3010
1
Flag of California.png
California
39,250,017
2
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Texas
27,862,596
3
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Sintopia
25,365,875 
4
Flag of Florida.png
Florida
20,612,439 
5
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New York
19,745,289 
6
Flag of Illinois.png
Illinois
12,801,539 
7
Flag of Pennsylvania.png
Pennsylvania
12,784,227 
8
Flag of Ohio.png
Ohio
11,614,373 
9
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).png
Georgia
10,310,371 
10
Flag of North Carolina.png
North Carolina
10,146,788 
11
Flag of Michigan.png
Michigan
9,928,300 
12
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New Jersey
8,944,469 
13
Flag of Virginia.png
Virginia
8,411,808 
14
Flag of Washington.png
Washington
7,288,000
15
Flag of Arizona.png
Arizona
6,931,071
16
Flag of Massachusetts.png
Massachusetts
6,811,779 
17
Flag of Tennessee.png
Tennessee
6,651,194 
18
Flag of Indiana.png
Indiana
6,633,053 
19
Flag of Missouri.png
Missouri
6,093,000 
20
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Maryland
6,016,447 
21
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Wisconsin
5,778,708
22
Flag of Colorado.png
Colorado
5,540,545
23
Flag of Minnesota.png
Minnesota
5,519,952
24
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South Carolina
4,961,119 
25
Flag of Alabama.png
Alabama
4,863,300
26
Flag of Louisiana.png
Louisiana
4,681,666 
27
Flag of Kentucky.png
Kentucky
4,436,974 
28
Flag of Oregon.png
Oregon
4,093,465
29
Flag of Oklahoma.png
Oklahoma
3,923,561
30
Flag of Connecticut.png
Connecticut
3,576,452
31
Flag of Iowa.png
Iowa
3,134,693
32
Flag of Utah.png
Utah
3,051,217
33
Flag of Mississippi.png
Mississippi
2,988,726 
34
Flag of Arkansas.png
Arkansas
2,988,248
35
Flag of Nevada.png
Nevada
2,940,058
36
Flag of Kansas.png
Kansas
2,907,289
37
Flag of New Mexico.png
New Mexico
2,081,015
38
Flag of Nebraska.png
Nebraska
1,907,116
39
Flag of West Virginia.png
West Virginia
1,831,102
40
Flag of Idaho.png
Idaho
1,683,140
41
Flag of Hawaii.png
Hawaii
1,428,557
42
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New Hampshire
1,334,795 
43
Flag of Maine.png
Maine
1,331,479 
44
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Rhode Island
1,056,426 
45
Flag of Montana.png
Montana
1,042,520
46
Flag of Delaware.png
Delaware
952,065 
47
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South Dakota
865,454
48
Flag of North Dakota.png
North Dakota
757,952
49
Flag of Alaska.png
Alaska
741,894
50
Flag of Vermont.png
Vermont
624,594 
51
Flag of Wyoming.png
Wyoming
585,501

See also

  • Demographics of the United States
  • List of United States cities by population
  • List of U.S. states by African-American population
  • List of U.S. states by historical population (tables of state populations since 1790)
  • List of U.S. states by population density
  • List of U.S. states by population growth rate
  • List of U.S. states and territories by area
  • List of U.S. states by vehicles per capita
  • List of U.S. states by religiosity
  • United States

​External links

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